May 25, 2022

On Thursday, a US federal agency ruled that autonomous vehicles and vehicles with automatic driving features now have their own set of vehicle safety standards. The ruling is beginning to shed light on how occupant safety is defined in vehicles that lack features such as seats and steering wheels.

The US Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued the first definitive rule of its kind updating occupant safety requirements in vehicles that do not have traditional manual, human-driven controls.

The rule, which, among other things, changes terminology in the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSS) to reflect the spatial arrangement of automated vehicles creates Past public safety efforts as automation advancesLast year, the NHTSA issued an order requiring AV operators and manufacturers to report failures to the agency, and in 2020 it launched the AV Testing Initiative, which makes AV testing information available to states and companies for the public to see. ,

“Because the driver moves from person to car in ADS-equipped vehicles, the need for human safety remains the same and must be integrated from the outset,” says Dr. This is stated in a statement by NHTSA Deputy Administrator Stephen Cliff. “With this rule, we ensure manufacturers put safety first.”

In many ways, the rules are a response to an industry that is already on its way to decline. However, purpose-built AVs have yet to be deployed on public roads, so laying the groundwork for regulating new vehicle types is now certainly a step in the right direction.

The rule primarily changes the terminology written for vehicles traditionally designed to avoid ambiguity and unnecessary terminology. Words like “driver’s seat” “Steering wheel” or “passenger seat” is by no means used as a spatial reference for purpose-built AVs built with such features. cruising As well as zooks Both create AVs designed to be shared that don’t interfere with traditional interiors.

However, companies like WaymoI mobile As well as argo ai still use automated vehicles on the roads, which can either be driven by automated driving systems or steering wheel controls, so they should have their own distinction, say NHTSA.

Some automated vehicles, such as the Nuro, are used to deliver goods but not people, so the NHTSA standards have been changed to exclude these vehicles, assuming there are no passengers for safety reasons. Otherwise, the basic security requirements do not exist. Pronunciation

Changes in requirements are also being discussed by manufacturers as a result of an amendment to terminology in the latest NHTSA rule, “for example, handling advanced airbags and advanced airbag suppression devices.” [automated driving system]Vehicles equipped for medium and large school buses, locking requirements and… change in seat belt requirements after the removal of the word “driver”.

Autonomous car manufacturers are already designing their new vehicles with occupant safety in mind. For example, Zoox says the following: Created a brand new airbag style for your car, and developed a system that uses sensors, switches and cameras to make sure passengers are wearing the correct seat belts. But the NHTSA ruling provides guidance for the future and A method of holding manufacturers accountable in an emerging industry.

“In the 2020s, an important part of USDT’s safety mission will be to ensure that safety standards are consistent with the development of automated driver and driver assistance systems,” U.S. Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg said in a statement. “This new regulation is a significant step forward and sets stricter safety standards for vehicles equipped with ADS.”

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